Epimedium is a genus of flowering plants in the Berberidaceae family, commonly known as the barberry family. It contains over 60 species, of which up to 15 are used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Epimedium grandiflorum is one of the most well-known of these species, with common names that include horny goat weed, bishop’s hat and fairy wings.Among them ,horny goat weed was best known.
Epimedium grandiflorum is native to eastern Asia, including China, Japan and Korea. It is an herbaceous perennial with red stems that can grow to one foot in height. The heart-shaped leaves initially have a copper tinge that fades as they mature. Epimedium produces flowers in a range of colors, including purple, pink, yellow and white. The shoots grow from rhizomes, although the specific growth pattern may vary considerably.
The most common uses of Epimedium extract in TCM deal with male sexual function, including low libido and erectile dysfunction. Icariin is one of its most significant components, which is a flavonol glycoside that’s an 8-prenyl derivative of kaempferol 3,7-O-diglucoside. The primary biological effect of icariin is to inhibit the activity of the enzyme cGMP-phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5), which primarily affects the cardiovascular system. Epimedium also contains phytoestrogens, which may have effects similar to those of estrogen.
What is Epimedium?
Epimedium is an herb. The leaves are used to make medicine. As many as 15 Epimedium species are known as "yin yang huo" in Chinese medicine.
Epimedium is used for weak back and knees, joint pain, osteoarthritis, mental and physical fatigue, memory loss, high blood pressure, heart disease, bronchitis, liver disease, HIV/AIDS, polio, a blood disorder called chronic leucopenia, viral infections of the heart, bone loss after menopause, weak bones (osteoporosis), and as a tonic.
Some men use Epimedium for sexual performance problems including erectile dysfunction (ED) and involuntary ejaculation. It is also used to arouse sexual desire.
What is The Epimedium Extract ?
Epimedium extracts powder contain an active phytochemical called icariin.Icariin has been observed to exhibit a number of useful traits, including renoprotective (liver protecting) hepatoprotective (kidney protecting), cardioprotective (heart protecting) and neuroprotective (brain protecting) effects.
It is also an antioxidant and can cause vasodilation. It exhibits antimicrobial characteristics and is thought to act as an aphrodisiac.Icariin is classified as a flavonol glycoside, which is a type of flavonoid. Specifically, icariin is the 8-prenyl derivation of kaempferol 3,7-O-diglucoside, a prevalent and important flavonoid.
|Product Name||Epimedium Herb extract|
|Part Used||Whole Herb|
|Specifications||Icariin 5%~ 98%|
|Appearance||Yellow to Light Yellow Fine Powder|
What is The Benefit Of Epimedium Extract?
1.Aphrodisiac: Epimedium has long been considered as an extremely potent aphrodisiac. The compound icariin that is found in epimedium works by relaxing muscles by increasing the nitric oxide levels and increasing the blood flow to the sexual organs, thereby increasing libido and desire. This is definitely one of the main benefit of epimedium.
2.Controlling Asthma: A Chinese study has shown that Epimedium can be helpful in alleviating airway inflammation by decreasing the activities of some proteins that are responsible for the production of leukocytes in inflammatory areas in the lung, thereby helping with controlling the effects of asthma.
3.Anti-Aging Properties: In a study on the effects of the flavonoids derived from the epimedium plants on laboratory animals, it was found that many age related metabolites such as amino acids, unsaturated and saturated fatty acids etc. showed evidence of being reset at a younger level. It can be said therefore that Epimedium icariin does have some anti-aging properties and can be used towards the same.
4.Cancer: Epimedium extract benefits have been studied in detail on the cancer cells and have been proven to be effective in decreasing the ability of invasion of cancer cells as well as the migration of the metastatic cancer cells, thereby indicating that it possesses the properties of an effective anti-cancer drug.
5.Erectile Dysfunction: Apart from being an Aphrodisiac, epimedium has been effectively used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. In an Italian study, it was reported that icariin has the same effect on the erectile tissue in penis as Viagra. The suggested icariin dosage for ED is 200mg/kg of body weight of a 40% icariin concentration as converted into human dosage. Calculated, it translates into a 900 mg for a 150lb person.
6.Memory Enhancer: Studies have shown that the administration of icariin has been able to increase the blood flow to the brain and showed improved learning ability and memory. The effect is mainly attributed to the plant’s antioxidant properties and its effect on the nerve impulses as well as the circulatory system.
7.Osteoporosis: Icariin has been proven to promote the growth and development of the osteocyte cells and contributing to bone remodeling, thereby indicating that it can be used as an effective drug in the control and treatment of osteoporosis.
8.Women’s Sexual Health: Whereas the effects of Icariin on Men’s sexual health and performance is well known and documented, the administration of icariin can also improve the sexual health and performance of women by a huge margin, mostly owing to the production of Nitrous Oxide that improves the flow of blood to the sexual organs, clitoris and vagina. The strength of the icariin supplement for women, however is recommended to be much lower than men.
9.Relieves Menopausal Symptoms in Women: The icariin present in epimedium has been found to have dynamic effects of bioactivity longer than conventional menopausal treatments. Epimedium has also shown to encourage balanced estrogen and estradiol levels in women, providing a beneficial effect for menopausal women.
10.Body Building and Sports: Icariin has proven to be an extremely powerful and potent supplement for body builders and athletes, mainly due to its testosterone and Nitric Oxide boosting properties, both of which play a crucial role in athletic performance, especially in the area of endurance and body building.
In general, various traditional doses have been used. These include 6-15 grams of horny goat weed daily, a decoction (made from five grams of horny goat weed simmered in 250 milliliters of water for 10-15 minutes) three times daily, horny goat weed granules, powdered horny goat weed herb in capsules, or five milliliters of 20% tincture three times daily before meals.
1.To treat chest pain, four to six 0.3-gram tablets (equivalent to 2.7 grams of raw material in each tablet) have been taken by mouth twice daily for one month, stopped for 7-10 days, then continued in a second series.
2.To treat chronic bronchitis, four to six 0.3-gram tablets (equivalent to 2.7 grams of raw material in each tablet) have been taken by mouth twice daily for one month, stopped for 7-10 days, then continued in a second series.
3.To treat hormonal effects in postmenopausal women, 300 milliliters of horny goat weed extract has been taken by mouth daily for six months.
4.To treat nerve disorders, four to six 0.3-gram tablets (equivalent to 2.7 grams of raw material in each tablet) have been taken by mouth twice daily for one month, stopped for 7-10 days, then continued in a second series. Doses of two milliliters of horny goat weed (equivalent to one gram of raw material) have been injected into the muscle.
Children (under 18 years old)
There is no proven safe or effective dose for horny goat weed in children.
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