A study by researchers at the University of Idisco has found that broccoli and its cruciform cousins help reduce the chances of hospitalization after falls, including brussels sprouts, broccoli and cabbage. This is mainly due to the association between the intake of cruciferous vegetables and the increase in muscle strength and physical function in the elderly. The study has been published in the British Journal of Nutrition.
The research team at the University of Idisco School of Medicine and Health Sciences evaluated the diet of a group of older Western Australian women over the age of 70 and tracked the history of over 15 years. The study found that the increase in overall vegetable intake was associated with a lower risk of hospitalization after falls, while cruciferous vegetables offered a number of benefits. Studies have shown that only half a cup of broccoli per day prevents older people from falling and helps them maintain a good quality of life when they are old, which may be one way to reduce the risk of falls.
As a member of the Brassica plant, cruciferous vegetables are rich in vitamins C and K, especially broccoli, which has a high nutritional content. Broccoli also contains a variety of minerals and fiber, as well as vitamin A not found in broccoli. A cup of cooked broccoli provides as much vitamin C as oranges and is a good source of beta-carotene. It also contains vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, iron, magnesium, potassium and zinc to provide dietary fiber and low calories.
Falling is the main reason for the hospitalization of injuries in Australia over the age of 65. Official statistics show that by 2021, the cost of health systems is expected to reach A$789 million per year. In addition to physical influence, this reduces the chances of people participating in social and physical related activities due to fear of falling again. In the future, the study will focus on the exact mechanism by which cruciferous vegetables can prevent falls.